RWA/ASWA Cheshire Safeguarding Policy


·         Child Protection Policy
·         ​Guidelines to dealing with an incident/accident
·         Health and Safety Policy
·         ​Managing Children’s Behaviour Policy
·         Equality Policy
·         ​Code of Conduct for club trainers and volunteers
·         Code of Conduct for members
·         Code of Conduct for parents and carers


All sporting organisations which make provision for children and young people must ensure that:
• The welfare of the child is paramount
• All children, whatever their age, culture, disability, gender, language, racial origin religious beliefs and/or sexual identity have the right to protection from abuse
• All suspicions and allegations of abuse and poor practice will be taken seriously and responded to swiftly and appropriately
• All staff (paid/unpaid) working in sport have a responsibility to report concerns to the appropriate officer.
Staff/volunteers are not trained to deal with situations of abuse or to decide if abuse has occurred.

Policy statement/aims
RWA Wrestling has a duty of care to safeguard all children involved in training from harm. All children have a right to protection, and the needs of disabled children and others who may be particularly vulnerable must be taken into account. RWA Wrestling will ensure the safety and protection of all children involved in training through adherence to the Child Protection guidelines adopted by RWA Wrestling.
A child is defined as a person under the age of 18 (The Children Act 1989).

Policy aims
The aim of the RWA Wrestling Child Protection Policy is to promote good practice:
• providing children and young people with appropriate safety and protection whilst in the care of RWA Wrestling
• allow all staff /volunteers to make informed and confident responses to specific child protection issues.

Promoting good practice
Child abuse, particularly sexual abuse, can arouse strong emotions in those facing such a situation. It is important to understand these feelings and not allow them to interfere with your judgement about the appropriate action to take.
Abuse can occur within many situations including the home, school and the sporting environment. Some individuals will actively seek employment or voluntary work with young people in order to harm them. A coach, instructor, teacher, official or volunteer will have regular contact with young people and be an important link in identifying cases where they need protection. All suspicious cases of poor practice should be reported following the guidelines in this document.
When a child enters the club activity having been subjected to child abuse outside the sporting environment, sport can play a crucial role in improving the child’s self-esteem. In such instances the club activity organiser must work with the appropriate agencies to ensure the child receives the required support.
Good practice guidelines
All personnel should be encouraged to demonstrate exemplary behaviour in order to promote childrens welfare and reduce the likelihood of allegations being made. The following are common sense examples of how to create a positive culture and climate.
Good practice means:
• Always working in an open environment (e.g. avoiding private or unobserved situations and encouraging open communication with no secrets).
• Treating all young people/disabled adults equally, and with respect and dignity.
• Always putting the welfare of each young person first, before winning or achieving goals.
• Maintaining a safe and appropriate distance with players (e.g. it is not appropriate for staff or volunteers to have an intimate relationship with a child or to share a room with them).
• Building balanced relationships based on mutual trust which empowers children to share in the decision-making process.
• Making sport fun, enjoyable and promoting fair play.
• Being an excellent role model - this includes not smoking or drinking alcohol in the company of young people.
• Giving enthusiastic and constructive feedback rather than negative criticism.
• Recognising the developmental needs and capacity of young people and disabled adults - avoiding excessive training or competition and not pushing them against their will.
• Securing parental consent in writing to act in loco parentis, if the need arises to administer emergency first aid and/or other medical treatment.
• Keeping a written record of any injury that occurs, along with the details of any treatment given.
Practices to be avoided
The following should be avoided except in emergencies. If cases arise where these situations are unavoidable it should be with the full knowledge and consent of someone in charge in the club or the child’s parents. For example, a child sustains an injury and needs to go to hospital, or a parent fails to arrive to pick a child up at the end of a session:
• Avoid spending time alone with children away from others
• Avoid taking or dropping off a child to an event or activity.

Practices never to be sanctioned
The following should never be sanctioned. You should never:
• Engage in rough, physical or sexually provocative games, including horseplay
• Share a room with a child
• Allow or engage in any form of inappropriate touching
• Allow children to use inappropriate language unchallenged
• Make sexually suggestive comments to a child, even in fun
• Reduce a child to tears as a form of control
• Fail to act upon and record any allegations made by a child
• Do things of a personal nature for children or disabled adults, that they can do for themselves
• Invite or allow children to stay with you at your home unsupervised.

Incidents that must be reported/recorded.
If any of the following occur you should report this immediately to the appropriate officer and record the incident. You should also ensure the parents of the child are informed:
• If you accidentally hurt a member
• If he/she seems distressed in any manner
• If a player appears to be sexually aroused by your actions
• If a player misunderstands or misinterprets something you have done.
Use of photographic/filming equipment at sporting events
There is evidence that some people have used sporting events as an opportunity to take inappropriate photographs or film footage of young and disabled sportspeople in vulnerable positions. All clubs should be vigilant and any concerns should to be reported to the Club Child Protection Officer.

Recruitment and training of staff and volunteers
RWA Wrestling recognises that anyone may have the potential to abuse children in some way and that all reasonable steps are taken to ensure unsuitable people are prevented from working with children.

Preselection checks must included the following:
• All volunteers/coaches (excluding trainees who sign waiver forms on start date) should complete an application form. The application form will elicit information about an applicant's past and a self disclosure about any criminal record.
• Consent should be obtained from an applicant to seek information from the Criminal Records Bureau.
• Two confidential references, including one regarding previous work with children. These references must be taken up and confirmed through telephone contact.
• Evidence of identity (passport or driving licence with photo).

Responding to allegations or suspicions
It is not the responsibility of anyone working in RWA Wrestling, in a paid or unpaid capacity to decide whether or not child abuse has taken place. However there is a responsibility to act on any concerns by reporting these to the appropriate officer or the appropriate authorities.
RWA Wrestling will assure all staff/volunteers that it will fully support and protect anyone, who in good faith reports his or her concern that a colleague is, or may be, abusing a child.

• A criminal investigation
• A child protection investigation
• A disciplinary or misconduct investigation.
The results of the police and child protection investigation may well influence and inform the disciplinary investigation, but all available information will be used to reach a decision.

Reporting concerns about poor practice
If, following consideration, the allegation is clearly about poor practice the designated/Club Child Protection Officer will deal with it as a misconduct issue.
Reporting concerns about suspected abuse
Any suspicion that a child has been abused by either a member of staff or a volunteer should be reported to the Child Protection Officer, who will take such steps as considered necessary to ensure the safety of the child in question and any other child who may be at risk.
The Child Protection Officer will refer the allegation to the social services department who may involve the police.
The parents or carers of the child will be contacted as soon as possible following advice from the social services department.
Every effort should be made to ensure that confidentiality is maintained for all concerned. Information should be handled and disseminated on a need to know basis only. This includes the following people:
• The Club Child Protection Officer
• The parents of the person who is alleged to have been abused
• The person making the allegation
• Social services/police
Seek social services advice on who should approach the alleged abuser (or parents if the alleged abuser is a child).
Information should be stored in a secure place with limited access to designated people, in line with data protection laws (e.g. that information is accurate, regularly updated, relevant and secure).

Internal enquiries and possible suspension
The Child Protection Officer will make an immediate decision about whether any individual accused of abuse should be temporarily suspended pending further police and social services inquiries.
This may be a difficult decision; particularly where there is insufficient evidence to uphold any action by the police. In such cases RWA Wrestling must reach a decision based upon the available information which could suggest that on a balance of probability, it is more likely than not that the allegation is true. The welfare of the child should remain of paramount importance throughout.
Allegations of previous abuse
Allegations of abuse may be made some time after the event (e.g. by an adult who was abused as a child or by a member of staff who is still currently working with children).
Where such an allegation is made, the club should follow the procedures as detailed above and report the matter to the social services or the police. This is because other children, either within or outside sport, may be at risk from this person. Anyone who has a previous criminal conviction for offences related to abuse is automatically excluded from working with children. This is reinforced by the details of the Protection of Children Act 1999.
Every child has the right to experience sport in a safe environment free from abuse and bullying.
Sports organisations play an important role in creating a positive club ethos that challenges bullying by empowering young people to understand the impact of bullying, how best to deal with it and agree standards of behaviour.
Reporting concerns outside the immediate sporting environment (e.g. a parent or carer)
Report your concerns to the Club Child Protection Officer, who should contact social services or the police as soon as possible.
If the Club Child Protection Officer is not available, the person being told of or discovering the abuse should contact social services or the police immediately.
Social Services and the Club Child Protection Officer will decide how to involve the parents/carers.
Maintain confidentiality on a need to know basis only.

Providing information to police or social services
Information about suspected abuse must be accurate and a detailed record should always be made at the time of the disclosure/concern. It should include the following:
• The child's name, age and date of birth of the child.
• The child's home address and telephone number.
• Whether or not the person making the report is expressing their own concerns or those of someone else.
• The nature of the allegation. Include dates, times, any special factors and other relevant information.
• Make a clear distinction between what is fact, opinion or hearsay.
• A description of any visible bruising or other injuries. Also any indirect signs, such as behavioural changes.
• Details of witnesses to the incidents.
• The child’s account, if it can be given, of what has happened and how any bruising or other injuries occurred.
• Have the parents been contacted?
• If so what has been said?
• Has anyone else been consulted? If so record details.
• If the child was not the person who reported the incident, has the child been spoken to? If so what was said?
• Has anyone been alleged to be the abuser? Record details.
• Where possible referral to the police or social services should be confirmed in writing within 24 hours and the name of the contact who took the referral should be recorded.

• Stay calm but act swiftly and observe the situation. Is there danger of further injuries?
• Listen to what the injured person is saying.
• Alert the first aider who should take appropriate action for minor injuries
• In the event of an injury requiring specialist treatment, call the emergency services.
• Deal with the rest of the group and ensure that they are adequately supervised.
• Do not move someone with major injuries. Wait for the emergency medics.
• Contact the injured person's parent/carer.
• Complete an incident/accident report form.
Child Protection Officer: Andrew Baker

RWA Wrestling is strongly committed to encouraging our members to take part, but the health, well-being and safety of each individual is always our paramount concern. We recommend levels of training dependent on age and ability, and expect our junior athletes to participate within these boundaries."
To support our Health & Safety policy statement we are committed to the following duties:
• Undertake regular, recorded risk assessment of the club premises and all activities undertaken by the club
• Create a safe environment by putting health & safety measures in place as identified by the assessment
• Ensure that all members are given the appropriate level of training and competition by regularly assessing individual ability dependant on age, maturity and development
• Ensure that all members are aware of, understand and follow the club’s health & safety policy
• Appoint a competent club member to assist with health and safety responsibilities
• Ensure that normal operating procedures and emergency operating procedures are in place and known by all members
• Provide access to adequate first aid facilities, telephone and qualified first aider at all times
• Report any injuries or accidents sustained during any club activity or whilst on the club premises
• Ensure that the implementation of the policy is reviewed regularly and monitored for effectiveness.

• Take reasonable care for your our health & safety and that of others who may be affected by what you do or not do
• Co-operate with the club on health & safety issues
• Correctly use all equipment provided by the club
• Not interfere with or misuse anything provided for your health, safety or welfare.
Health and Safety Officer: Andrew Baker
Qualified First Aiders: Andrew Baker

Staff/volunteers who deliver sports activities to children may, on occasions, be required to deal with a child’s challenging behaviour.
These guidelines aim to promote good practice and to encourage a proactive response to supporting children to manage their own behaviour. They suggest some strategies and sanctions which can be used and also identify unacceptable sanctions or interventions which must never be used by staff or volunteers.
In responding to challenging behaviour the response should always be proportionate to the actions, be imposed as soon as is practicable and be fully explained to the child and their parents/carers. In dealing with children who display negative or challenging behaviours, staff and volunteers might consider the following options:

• Time out - from the activity, group or individual work.
• Reparation - the act or process of making amends.
• Restitution - the act of giving something back.
• Behavioural reinforcement - rewards for good behaviour, consequences for negative behaviour.
• De-escalation of the situation - talking through with the child.
• Increased supervision by staff/volunteers.
• Use of individual ‘contracts’ or agreements for their future or continued participation.
• Sanctions or consequences e.g. missing an outing.
• Seeking additional/specialist support through working in partnership with other agencies to ensure a child’s needs are met appropriately e.g. referral for support to Children’s Social Care, discussion with the child’s key worker if they have one, speaking to the child’s school about management strategies (all require parental consent unless the child is felt to be ‘at risk’ or ‘in need of protection’).
• Temporary or permanent exclusion
The following should never be permitted as a means of managing a child’s behaviour:
• Physical punishment or the threat of such.
• Refusal to speak to or interact with the child.
• Being deprived of food, water, access to changing facilities or toilets or other essential facilities.
• Verbal intimidation, ridicule or humiliation.

Staff and volunteers should review the needs of any child for whom sanctions are frequently necessary. This review should involve the child, parents/carers and in some cases others involved in supporting or providing services for the child and his/her family, to ensure an informed decision is made about the child’s future or continued participation. As a last resort, if a child continues to present a high level of risk or danger to him or herself, or others, he or she may have to be suspended or barred from the group or club activities.

Physical Intervention
The following must always be considered:
• Contact should be avoided with buttocks, genitals and breasts. Staff/volunteers should never behave in a way which could be interpreted as sexual.
• Any form of physical intervention should achieve an outcome that is in the best interests of the child whose behaviour is of immediate concern.
• Staff/ volunteers should consider the circumstances, the risks associated with employing physical intervention compared with the risks of not employing physical intervention.
• The scale and nature of physical intervention must always be proportionate to the behaviour of the young person and the nature of harm/ damage they might cause.
• All forms of physical intervention should employ only a reasonable amount of force -ie the minimum force needed to avert injury to a person or serious damage to property - applied for the shortest period of time.
• Staff/volunteers should never employ physical interventions which are deemed to present an unreasonable risk to children or staff/volunteers.
• Staff/volunteers shall never use physical intervention as a form of punishment.
• Physical intervention should NOT involve inflicting pain
Any physical intervention used should be recorded as soon as possible after the incident by the staff/volunteers involved using the Incident Report Form and passed to the Club Welfare/Child Protection Officer as soon as possible.

• This club is committed to ensuring that equity is incorporated across all aspects of its development. In doing so it acknowledges and adopts sports equity:
• Sports equity is about fairness in sport, equality of access, recognising inequalities and taking steps to address them. It is about changing the culture and structure of sport to ensure it becomes equally accessible to everyone in society.
• The club respects the rights, dignity and worth of every person and will treat everyone equally within the context of their sport, regardless of age, ability, gender, race, ethnicity, religious belief, sexuality or social/economic status.
• The club is committed to everyone having the right to enjoy their sport in an environment free from threat of intimidation, harassment and abuse.
• All club members have a responsibility to oppose discriminatory behaviour and promote equality of opportunity.
• The club will deal with any incidence of discriminatory behaviour seriously, according to club disciplinary procedures

• The essence of good ethical conduct and practice is summarised below. All volunteers must:
• Consider the wellbeing and safety of participants before the development of performance.
• Develop an appropriate working relationship with participants, based on mutual trust and respect.
• Make sure all activities are appropriate to the age, ability and experience of those taking part.
• Promote the positive aspects of the sport (e.g. fair play).
• Display consistently high standards of behaviour and appearance.
• Follow all guidelines laid down by the national governing body and the club.
• Hold appropriate valid qualifications and insurance cover.
• Never exert undue influence over performers to obtain personal benefit or reward.
• Never condone rule violations, or the use of prohibited substances.
• Encourage participants to value their performances and not just results.
• Encourage and guide participants to accept responsibility for their own performance and behaviour.

• Encourage your child to learn the rules and play within them.
• Discourage unfair play and arguing with trainers.
• Help your child to recognise good performance, not just results.
• Never force your child to take part in sport.
• Set a good example by recognising fair play and applauding good performances of all.
• Never punish or belittle a child for losing or making mistakes.
• Publicly accept trainers' judgements.
• Support your child's involvement and help them to enjoy their sport.
• Use correct and proper language at all times.
• Encourage and guide performers to accept responsibility for their own performance and behaviour.

RWA Wrestling is fully committed to safeguarding and promoting the wellbeing of all its members. The club believes that it is important that members, trainers, administrators and parents associated with the club should, at all times, show respect and understanding for the safety and welfare of others. Therefore, members are encouraged to be open at all times and to share any concerns or complaints that they may have about any aspect of the club with Andrew Baker.

As a member of RWA Wrestling you are expected to abide by the following junior code of conduct:

• All members must play within the rules and respect trainers and their decisions.
• All members must respect the rights, dignity and worth of all participants regardless of age, gender, ability, race, cultural background or religious beliefs or sexual identity.
• Members should keep to agreed timings for training and or inform their trainer if they are going to be late.
• Members must wear suitable attire for training - clean.
• Members must pay any fees for training promptly
• Members are not allowed to smoke on club premises or whilst representing the club at events.
• Members are not allowed to consume alcohol or drugs of any kind on the club premises or whilst representing the club.